Prolactin is a hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland. It is responsible for many different functions in the body, including milk production and reproduction. However, when prolactin levels become too high, it can lead to a condition known as hyperprolactinemia. This disorder can cause a wide variety of problems and is often undiagnosed because it is not well known. In this blog post, we will discuss hyperprolactinemia in more detail, including its symptoms and treatment options.
Prolactin is a protein hormone that stimulates milk production in women after childbirth and breastfeeding. It also helps regulate menstrual cycles and sexual function for both men and women. In the body, prolactin levels are controlled by two other hormones: dopamine from the hypothalamus (which inhibits its release) and thyrotropin-releasing factor from the pituitary gland itself (which makes it more likely to be released). When either of these processes becomes disrupted or fails altogether then too much prolactin may build up causing symptoms such as headaches; vision problems such as blurred vision or double sight; lack of libido (sex drive); impotence in men; irregular periods and infertility in women.
The most common symptoms of hyperprolactinemia are:
However, as we mentioned earlier, this condition can present with a variety of different symptoms. So, if you are experiencing any problems that you think may be related to hyperprolactinemia, it is important to see your doctor and get tested.